A Complete List of National Flowers by Country

A Complete List of National Flowers By Country (With Amazing Pictures)

Most countries of the world have a designated national flower that forms their floral emblem. Here's a list of countries and their national flowers.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Feb 26, 2018
Rose Of Sharon
Red Rose
Two Bumblebees on Passion Flower
Colorful White And Pink Cyclamen Flowers
Pink Rose
Orchid
Did you know...
... that even though Rose was declared as the floral emblem of the United States of America in the year 1986, its usage is not as common as that of the floral emblems of individual American states.
Each country in the world has numerous national symbols, which are extremely important for its national identity. These symbols include various things such as the nation's flag, the national anthem or more tangible things like a national bird, plant or flower. These become unique entities that represent a particular country.

A large number of countries across the globe have defined floral emblems. Some of them are decided by the governments of these countries, while others are decided by means of public polls. Given below is a list of national flowers of various countries of the world.
ASIA
Afghanistan
Tulip flowers
Tulip
Tulipa
Bangladesh
White water lily
Shapla (White water lily)
Nymphaea pubescens
Bhutan
Blue Poppy
Blue Poppy
Meconopsis grandis
China
Plum Blossom
Plum Blossom
Prunus mume
Hong Kong
Hong Kong Orchid
Hong Kong Orchid
Bauhinia blakeana
India
Lotus flower
Lotus
Nelumbo nucifera
Iraq
Red rose
Red Rose
Rosa
Israel
Cyclamen flower
Cyclamen
Cyclamen
Japan
Cherry Blossom
Sakura (Cherry Blossom)
Prunus serrulata
Jordan
Black Iris
Black Iris
Iris nigricans
Kazakhstan
Lily flower
Lily
Lilium
Laos
Frangipani flowers
Frangipani
Plumeria alba
Malaysia
Malaysia flower
Bunga Raya (Shoe Flower)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Maldives
Pink Polyantha Rose
Pink Polyantha Rose
Rosa polyantha
Nepal
Rhododendron flowers
Rhododendron
Rhododendron
North Korea
Magnolia flower
Magnolia
Magnolia sieboldii
Pakistan
Poets Jasmine
Poet's Jasmine
Jasminum officinale
Philippines
Arabian Jasmine
Sampaguita (Arabian Jasmine)
Jasminum sambac
Russia
Chamomile flower
Chamomile
Matricaria chamomilla
Singapore
Vanda Miss Joaquim
Vanda Miss Joaquim
Hybrid Cultivar
Syria
Jasmine flower
Jasmine
Jasminum
Vietnam
Lotus flower
Lotus
Nelumbo nucifera
Brunei - Simpoh Ayer (Dillenia suffruticosa)

Kuwait - Arfaj (Rhanterium epapposum)

Myanmar - Paduak (Pterocarpus indicus)

Sri Lanka - Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)

Thailand - Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula)

Cambodia - Romduol (Mitrella mesnyi)

Indonesia - Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)

Iran - Tulip (Tulipa)

South Korea - Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
Europe
Andorra
Narcissus flower
Narcissus
Narcissus
Belarus
Wild Blue Flax
Wild Blue Flax
Linum usitatissimum
Belgium
Red Poppy
Red Poppy
Papaver rhoeas
Bulgaria
Damask Rose
Damask Rose
Rosa × damascena
Croatia
Iris flower
Iris
Iris croatica
Czech Republic
Rose flower
Rose
Rosa
England
Red Rose
Red Rose
Rosa
Estonia
Blue Cornflower
Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus
Faroe Islands
Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold
Caltha palustris
France
Iris flower
Iris
Iris
Germany
Blue Cornflower
Blue Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus
Greece
Bears Breech flowers
Bear's Breech
Acanthus mollis
Hungary
Tulip flowers
Tulip
Tulipa
Iceland
Mountain avens flowers
Mountain Avens
Dryas octopetala
Latvia
Oxeye Daisy flowers
Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Liechtenstein
Yellow Lily
Yellow Lily
Lilium
Lithuania
Rue flowers
Rue
Ruta graveolens
Macedonia
Opium poppy flowers
Opium Poppy
Papaver somniferum
Monaco
Carnation flower
Carnation
Dianthus caryophyllus
Norway
Pyramidal Saxifrage
Pyramidal Saxifrage
Saxifraga cotyledon
Poland
Red Poppy
Red Poppy
Papaver rhoeas
Portugal
Lavender flowers
Lavender
Lavandula spica
Romania
Dog Rose flower
Dog Rose
Rosa canina
Scotland
Scotch Thistle
Scotch Thistle
Onopordum acanthium
Serbia
Plum Blossom
Plum Blossom
Prunus domestica
Slovakia
White Rose
Rose
Rosa
Switzerland
Edelweiss flowers
Edelweiss
Leontopodium alpinum
The Netherlands
Tulip flowers
Tulip
Tulipa
Wales
Yellow Daffodil
Daffodil
Narcissus
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Golden Lily (Lilium bosniacum)

Finland - Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)

Ireland - Shamrock (Trifolium dubium)

Malta - Maltese Rock Centaury (Cheirolophus crassifolius)

Austria - Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)

Cyprus - Cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium)

Gibraltar - Candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica)

Italy - Daisy (Bellis perennis)

Luxembourg - Rose (Rosa)

Slovenia - Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)

Spain - Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)

Ukraine - Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
AFRICA
Angola
Welwitschia flower
Welwitschia
Welwitschia mirabilis
Botswana
Rose flower
Rose
Rosa
Burkina Faso
Beautiful rose flower
Rose
Rosa
Egypt
Egyptian Lotus
Egyptian Lotus
Nymphaea lotus
Ethiopia
Calla Lily
Calla Lily
Zantedeschia aethiopica
Gabon
African Tulip
African Tulip
Spathodea campanulata
Lesotho
Spiral Aloe
Spiral Aloe
Aloe polyphylla
Liberia
Pepper flower plant
Pepper
Piper nigrum
Libya
Pomegranate Blossom
Pomegranate Blossom
Punica granatum
Namibia
Welwitschia flowers
Welwitschia
Welwitschia mirabilis
South Africa
King Protea
King Protea
Protea cynaroides
Tunisia
White Jasmine
Jasmine
Jasminum grandiflorum
Mauritius - Boucle d'Oreille (Trochetia boutoniana)

Nigeria - Spiral Ginger (Costus spectabilis)

Algeria - Iris (Iris tectorum)

Madagascar - Royal Poinciana (Delonix regia)

Zambia - Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea)

Zimbabwe - Flame Lily (Gloriosa superba)
NORTH AMERICA
Antigua and Barbuda
Dagger Log
Dagger Log
Agave karatto
Barbados
Pride of Barbados
Pride of Barbados
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Costa Rica
Orchid flowers
Orchid
Guarianthe skinneri
Cuba
White Mariposa
White Mariposa
Hedychium coronarium
El Salvador
Flor de Izote
Flor de Izote
Yucca gigantea
Mexico
Dahlia flower
Dahlia
Dahlia
Nicaragua
Sacuanjoche flowers
Sacuanjoche
Plumeria alba
Panama
Holy Ghost Orchid
Holy Ghost Orchid
Peristeria elata
St. Kitts & Nevis
Red Royal Poinciana
Red Royal Poinciana
Delonix regia
The Bahamas
Yellow Elder
Yellow Elder
Tecoma stans
Belize - Black Orchid (Prosthechea cochleata)

Bermuda - Strict blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium montanum)

Dominica - Caribwood (Poitea carinalis)

Dominican Republic - Mahogany Tree Flower (Swietenia mahagoni)

Guatemala - Monja Blanca (Lycaste skinneri)

Honduras - Orquídea Brassavola (Rhyncholaelia digbyana)

Jamaica - Lignum Vitae (Guaiacum officinale)

Puerto Rico - Flor de Maga (Thespesia grandiflora)

Trinidad and Tobago - Chaconia (Warszewiczia coccinea)

Canada - Canada does not have a designated national flower; it uses a maple leaf as its emblem. However, each of its provinces has its own floral emblem that is commonly used.
SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina
Ceibo flowers
Ceibo
Erythrina crista-galli
Columbia
Christmas Orchid
Christmas Orchid
Cattleya trianae
Guyana
Victoria Regia Lily
Victoria Regia Lily
Victoria amazonica
Peru
Cantuta flower
Cantuta
Cantua buxifolia
Uruguay
Passion Flower
Passion Flower
Passiflora
Chile - Copihue (Lapageria rosea)

Paraguay - Mburucuyá (Passiflora edulis)

Bolivia - Lobster claw (Heliconia rostrata)

Brazil - Golden Trumpet (Tabebuia alba)

Venezuela - Flor de Mayo (Cattleya mossiae)
OCEANIA
Australia
Golden Wattle
Golden Wattle
Acacia pycnantha
New Zealand
Pohutukawa flower
Pohutukawa
Metrosideros excelsa
Tahiti, French Polynesia and the Cook Islands - Tahitian Gardenia (Gardenia taitensis)

Fiji - Tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei)

Tonga - Heilala (Garcinia sessilis)
Carnation
White Daisy
Carnation Flower
Carnation
Single Tulip
Flower Rose
Bumblebee on cherry blossoms
Rose
Lily Of The Valley Flowers
Glorious Lotus Blossom
Purple Tulip
Cyclamen Flowers
Lily Of The Valley
Red Tulip
Red Rose And Buds
Pink Lotus
Dendrobium Orchid
Pink Lotus Water Lily
White Water Lily
Red Rose
White African Daisy Flower
White Rose Of Sharon
Five Flower Buds Of Gladiolus
Pure Light Pink Orchid
Gladiolus
Black Orchids
Giant Orange Jasmine Bouquet
Rose Of Sharon
Jasmine Flower
Rose Of Sharon
Bee pollinates gentle Pink flower
Rose Of Sharon
White Water Lily Floating In Pond
National flowers thus, are important elements which, in a way, symbolize the nation as a whole. Every country has its own criteria to choose their national flower. Some of the major parameters include the flower's indigenousness, its connection with the country's history and culture, its sacred connotations, and its popularity with the country's citizens. A given flower should fulfill at least one of these criteria in order to qualify as a national flower.