Tips for Vegetable Gardening
The first and foremost thing you need to do is to landscape or design your garden to practice crop rotation. Crop rotation will ensure prevention of infectious diseases that may spread from one plant to another. You can plan which vegetables you want to plant. If you are an amateur, you could always get the help of a professional.
Once you have decided to develop a vegetable garden, till the soil, remove the weeds, add natural manure, and till again. Wet the vegetable patch for several weeks and till the patch again before planting the saplings. This process helps inhibit the growth of weeds.
It is not possible to have a continuous year-round supply of the same vegetables due to seasonal variations. However, if you want to harvest the same type of vegetable for a long period, practice interval planting. This means that you will sow the seeds/saplings of a particular type of a vegetable in batches (ten saplings every ten days).
This way the vegetables mature at different times and you have a continuous supply for a longer period of time. Consult a professional to learn which plants can be used as interval crops in your area.
If your backyard is spacious, opt for group cropping by dividing the garden into blocks. This way you could plant vegetables of similar varieties and have almost the same harvest dates. Else you could plant two or more varieties of vegetables that have different harvest dates to prolong the season of any one vegetable.
One oft-forgotten rule is to not grow large batches of a vegetable that cannot be stored for long and has to be consumed immediately.
If you have grown saplings of any vegetable in a different patch and you now want to shift them, ensure that you transplant only the best saplings (ones that are disease-free, stocky and strong). Please avoid saplings that are "leggy" and weak.
Once the saplings are transplanted, ensure to water them with water-soluble "starter fertilizer". You could get the fertilizer from a nursery. Mix two tablespoons of water-soluble fertilizer with one gallon water. The transplanted saplings need to be drenched with a cup of this solution on alternate days. Remember to water the base of transplants regularly.
Vegetable gardening is a hobby for some, while it is a livelihood for others. Whether it is a hobby or a profession, the gardener has to resist the temptation to plant too many plants. Keep your garden weed free and irrigate it everyday.