Types of Tulips

Gardenerdy Staff Nov 6, 2018
Tulips belong to the genus Tulipa, under which more than 70 species have been recognized and officially accepted. Read about the many different types of tulips and their individualistic characteristics further.
After roses and chrysanthemums, tulips are the world's third most popular flower. They are cup-shaped, bright-colored, elegant flowers, with a smooth, green stem. Having been cultivated for about 500 years, they have their origins in Central and Western Asia. Tulips were first brought to Europe in the mid 16th century and reached Holland in 1570.
Thanks to the research undertaken by the botanists around the world, there are numerous varieties of tulips. Kazakhstan alone has around thirty-four different species of tulips. Many species are adaptable to different climates.
If you want a beautiful patch of tulips in your garden, you need to care for them. You can also grow tulips indoors. The different types have been grouped into a number of official divisions by the Royal Horticultural Association of Holland. A few of them are listed here.

Single Early Tulips

These bloom in early spring. They have strong stems and are available in various colors ranging from jewel tones to pastel shades. This type of tulip is used in rock gardens and also to make borders for gardens.

Double Early Tulips

These look more like peonies and have more petals. They are available in shades of white, pink, yellow, orange, and red and are best suited for container gardening.

Triumph Tulips

This is the most important type. The bloom time is mid-spring. They are available in shades of purple, apricot, white, pink, yellow, orange, and red. They grow best when planted indoors.

Darwin Hybrid Tulips

The flowering period of this tulip is mid to late spring. The bloom is pyramid shaped and they are available in the shades of black, white, pink, yellow, orange, and red.

Single Late Tulips

The stem of these flowers is very long and the bloom is oval-shaped. They make wonderful border and bed flowering plants. They are available in the shades of white, black, yellow, and pink.

Fringed Tulips

Fringed tulips are long-lasting and are available in shades of white, pink, apricot, yellow, orange, red, and purple. The bloom is a single cup with "crystal-shaped" fringes.

Lilly-flowered Tulips

The blossom of this tulip resembles a lily. They are available in shades of white, apricot, yellow, orange, red, and purple. These are susceptible to heavy winds.

Viridiflora Tulips

These flowers have an exceptionally long period of flowering capability. The alternate name for this tulip is "green tulip". The flowers of the type Viridiflora have a streak of green on the petals.

Parrot Tulips

The petals of the parrot tulips are either twisted, curled, or waved. These flowers are large and bright. They are available in shades of white, apricot, pink, yellow, and orange.
The other types include Double Late Tulip, Rembrandt, Fosteriana, Greigii, Kaufmanniana, and Multiflowering tulip.