Like animals and humans, there are certain nutrients that are required by plants for healthy growth as well. These are 16 chemical elements which are divided into two groups, viz; non-mineral and mineral, and are needed by all plants for a healthy cell structure, metabolism and development.
The non-mineral elements are; hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), & carbon (C), and the mineral elements are; nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and sulfur (S), boron (B), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), chloride (Cl), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo) and zinc (Zn).
Since the soil is the only medium in which plants are grown, it needs to be rich in these elements and water. However, in container gardening, this soil is used for potting purposes, thus making these elements a necessity. In the paragraphs coming up, you will read about the various potting soil mixes that are available. So read on and pick one!
Different Types of Potting Soil
Container gardening can be very useful if you have a patio, a porch, or a deck to decorate it with potted plants. There are many ornamental plants, also called house plants, which look beautiful on a patio or a deck if they are maintained.
However, if you want to practice potting, you will require potting soil in order to accommodate plants with all the necessary nutrients provided in the soil. This could surely be a difficult task. But, to make this an easier job, there are various types of potting soil that are available in nature.
Even though you can make your own potting soil by simply mixing these individual soils, each of them are rich in all the plant nutrients and thus can be used individually too. Find out what could be your choices from the paragraphs mentioned ahead.
Peat moss holds about 20 times more water weight than the regular soil. This is because, the soil contains fibers from the moss remains, making the soil thick and helping in retaining as much water as possible. This property is of utmost use to container plants as they need both, the nutrients from the soil and the retained water from the moss.
The last type of manure is the plant or green manure, which is defined as the remains of only plants decomposed in soil. These include direct sources of fixed nitrogen, thus making the soil extremely fertile for plants.
When plants and animals die and decompose in the soil naturally, they are degraded by the microbes present in soil making them a part of that soil. This process takes many years and the soil which is rich in all these degraded nutrients as well as the microbes is called humus. Therefore, humus is considered more fertile than manure.
Soil that retains water is very good for plants, but their roots can be damaged if there is excess retention, causing them to decay. Thus, potting soil needs spaces for drainage and for mediation of air, and sand is the best choice for filtering water from the soil. Therefore, it should be mixed with natural soil while making a potting mix.
As mentioned, these types of potting soil can be used individually but work the best when they are mixed with each other to prepare a multipurpose potting mix. So, give your plants a great growth medium with all the required nutrients.