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Tropical Houseplants Care Tips

Fabulously Useful Tips to Take Care of Tropical Houseplants

Tropical houseplants are easy to take care of and maintain. This article lists some popular varieties of tropical houseplants and their care tips.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Aug 31, 2018
Indoor Plants In Room
Houseplants add to the beauty and comfort levels of any house or office. They purify the air and provide a cooling effect to the surrounding. Many of the decorative plants that we have grown to beautify our interiors are tropical houseplants.
Cactus And House Plant
They are native to the tropical and subtropical climatic conditions, and grow under the canopies of large trees. It is mainly because of this reason that these plants can adapt well even when they are maintained in warm temperatures indoors.
Varieties
Orchids And Ferns Corner Cozy Garden
You can find a plethora of beautiful tropical plants, and choosing some varieties for your home can be quite a confusing task. A simple way is to select those that complement your interiors. Some of the common ones that are excellent for home or office plantation are:
Bird of Paradise
Bird of Paradise Flower
Vibrantly-colored flowers resembling a flying bird, the bird of paradise is a preferred houseplant. The large green, leathery leaves also add to the elegance of the bird-shaped flowers.
Bromeliads
Exotic Tropical Bromeliads
In their native habitats, bromeliads are found in branches of tall trees. They have thin, thick, needle-shaped, or broad foliage, and are of green, golden, red, and maroon colors. Bromeliads are described as most diverse tropical plant.
Dumb Canes
Dumb Canes Plant
Adaptive to moderate light and humid atmosphere, dumb canes are known for large, oval-shaped leaves. The center of the leaf blades is light color, while borders are dark green.
Orchids
Orchid Plant in Nursery
With more than 22,000 identified species, orchids belong to the largest flowering group. Of these types, cattleya, dendrobium, phalaenopsis, and oncidium are best grown as houseplants.
Xanthosoma
Green Philodendron Leaves
Xanthosoma has more than 40 species, which can be identified from the spade shaped foliage and distinctive whitish-colored venation. Some species of xanthosoma grow to more than 6 feet and spread to around 1-2 feet.
Care Tips
Woman Florist Showing Phalaenopsis Flowers
These tropical plants can adapt in a wide range of soil types and growing conditions. But, they require sufficient light and water. Here are some useful tips for care and maintenance:
Light
Green and Red Bromeliad
These plants require lots of sunlight for survival. While growing indoors, place them in an area that receives diffused sunlight, and make sure you install an artificial light system.
Water
Elderly Woman Watering Orchid
The second basic need is high humidity. Do not forget to place plastic trays below the pots to avoid drainage problems. As per the directions of the retailer, plan the watering time and frequency for the specific plant.
Temperature
Flower Dieffenbachia
A warm temperature is a must for healthy tropical plants. Thus, some varieties may not tolerate frequent air conditioning. The best way is to ask the retailer and select plants that will adapt to your home's conditions.
Nutrients
Gardening
Most tropical plants are fast-growing, and consequently, they need optimum nutrients to support their development.
Pest Control
Woman Spraying Plants
Pest infestation weakens the plants, and at times kills them. To prevent pests, keep a keen eye on them and spend a few minutes inspecting your plants each time you irrigate them.
Other Tips
Gardening
You should plant them in appropriately sized pots, and clean the leaves on a regular basis. To clean the foliage, you can dampen a cloth and wipe both sides of the leaves gently.
Gardener Woman Watering Plants
To maintain luxuriant plants, the trick is to provide correct growth conditions which match the natural habitat of the plants. As long as light, temperature, and water is available in adequate amounts, your houseplants will grow to the fullest and embellish your interiors with a natural touch.