These Swimming Pool Maintenance Tips are Pure GOLD

Swimming Pool Maintenance Tips
Proper swimming pool maintenance can prevent common problems such as cloudy water, pool staining, itchy eyes, pungent chlorine smell and spread of various waterborne diseases.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Aug 3, 2018
Family in pool
Owning a swimming pool is a privilege, however, there are some duties and responsibilities that accompany this privilege. Besides installing the pool, one needs to pay constant attention to the pool, for it to remain in good condition for years to come. Pool maintenance is essential and cannot be neglected.
Family At Pool
Even if the pool is used by family only, it has to be cleaned regularly. Swimming pools are open water systems, exposed to rain, snow, debris, insects.
Fallen leaves and other organic matter eventually decompose and attract bacteria. Waterborne diseases like amoebic dysentery, typhoid, cholera, salmonellosis, and gastroenteritis spread through pool water.
Pool Chemistry Testing
Moreover, pool staining, cloudy water, pungent chlorine smell, algal build-up and itchy eyes are some other commonly associated problems with pools. Such problems can be reduced by proper maintenance of the swimming pool.
Tips to Maintain a Swimming Pool
Pool maintenance is something that has to be carried out throughout the year, irrespective of the pool type, and whether it is being used or not. Various swimming pool maintenance guides are available in the market which provide in-depth instructions, regarding the maintenance of the pool.
Twice a Week
Pool test kit in hand
pH Level: Maintaining the right water balance is very important. The pH level is the measure of acidity or alkalinity and needs to be tested twice a week. The pH level in the pool water must be slightly alkaline, that is a pH of around 7.2 to 7.6, must be maintained.
Chlorine is most effective at this pH level. This level is similar to pH of our skin. It can be controlled by adding either an acid, such as muriatic acid, or an alkali such as soda ash or baking soda. The addition of alkali or acid depends on whether the water is too acidic or too alkaline. Incorrect pH levels can cause damage of the pool and its equipment.
Chlorine Level: Sanitizing the pool is equivalent to sterilizing the pool, whereby, bacterial and algal forms can be destroyed. Inadequately sanitized pools can become breeding grounds for bacteria. These bacteria and algae forms can be eliminated by using chlorine. Even bromine can be used to disinfect the pool.
The level of 'free' chlorine to have in the pool is 1.0-3.0 ppm. Chlorine is available in tablet, granular or liquid form and all work in the same manner. Since chlorine levels do not remain constant, it is advised to super chlorinate (add 3-4 times the daily amount) the pool regularly. It is best to super chlorinate at night, when the pool is not in use.
Putting chlorine puck into pool skimmer
Check Skimmer Basket: The skimmer basket must be checked and cleared of debris, so as to ensure fresh and circulating pool water. Debris such as leaves, insects, bird droppings and other dirty substances must be cleared from the surface of the pool by using a surface skimmer or leaf net.
Leaves and other debris present at the bottom of the pool must be cleared by using 'leaf bagger or leaf net'. The pool tiles must also be cleaned, to clear rings and scum lines, with the help of liquid or powdered tile cleansing agents.
Once a Week
Shock Treatment: Shock treatment is important to destroy combined chlorine compounds (free chlorine is required, not combined). Shock treatment packages are available in local pool shops. According to instructions on package, the pool can be 'shocked' during evenings. This raises free chlorine level in the pool and destroys germs to keep the pool clean.
Algaecide Addition: To control algal contaminants, the pool must be given a dose of algaecide, once a week. This should preferably be done the morning after the shock treatment. Good quality algaecide destroy the algae without damaging the pool tiles.
Metal Out Addition: Often tiny metal particles are found suspended on the pool water surface. They surpass the filtration system, however, can be eliminated by adding a weekly dose of 'Metal Out' to the pool water. 'Metal Out' is a chemical that removes metal particles from the water
Clarifier Addition: The annoying cloudy water problem can be resolved by adding a dose of clarifier to the pool water. Particles too small to be caught in filters, can be discarded by the clarifying agents. Clarifying agents make tiny particles stick to each other, to form larger particles. These larger particles can then be discarded by vacuuming or filtration.
Monthly
Calcium Level: Water too low in calcium becomes corrosive, while water high in calcium results in scale formation. This is why checking the calcium hardness is important. This test has to be conducted at a local pool store, as the standard testing kit does not test calcium hardness. A sample of pool water needs to be taken to the local pool shop and tested.
Alkalinity: Correct total alkalinity will prevent sudden changes in the pH levels of the pool water. 80-120 ppm is what the total alkalinity must be, which can be adjusted by the addition of baking soda.
Mid-Season
Swimming pool filters are prone to accumulate oil and grease, and have to be cleaned by using a 'filter cleanser degreaser'.
For people who find pool cleaning time-consuming and cumbersome, various professional swimming pool maintenance companies are available. These crews come home with the necessary equipment and chemicals. They conduct all tests, skim the surface, remove debris, and also vacuum the pool, if needed.
One can even opt for inbuilt vacuuming systems or use robotic vacuuming units. Chemical control units are also available, which regularly test the water chemistry and fix the balance automatically. However, all these pool accessories and professional assistance will prove expensive.
To reduce the cost of swimming pool maintenance, one can opt for swimming pool covers, such as solar covers or safety covers. These covers will not only provide safety and heat preservation, but will also keep the debris away from the pool water. Moreover, they also prevent the chemicals in the water from evaporating.