With the traditional methods of farming, food levels in the food banks of the world have increased. But very often the produce is full of chemicals, pesticides which eventually has adverse effects on human and animal health and the condition of soil. Organic farming came into being due to the shortcomings of traditional farming.
It is a proactive ecology management strategy. This strategy enhances the fertility of the soil, prevents soil erosion, and at the same time protects the humans and animal kingdom from the side effects of chemicals and synthetics. Many of the farm products such as vegetables, fruit, herbs, meat, milk, eggs, etc., are produced organically by some farmers.
"Organic", as defined by law, implies quality assurance. The words "natural" and "eco-friendly" mean that organic farming techniques might have been used, but it does not necessarily mean completely following organic techniques.
This pollutes the water bodies. In organic farming no chemicals or synthetics are used, water pollution is reduced as well. Organic farming helps in building richer soil. Rich soil is obtained by intelligently rotating crops. The rich soil helps in plant growth. The rate of soil erosion is reduced drastically.
A French study has revealed that nutritional quality and micro-nutrients is present in higher quantities in organically produced crops. The micronutrients promote good health. Organically grown food tastes better and the overall cost of cultivating crops reduces as the farmers use green manure or worm-farming to replenish the lost nutrients of the soil.
Cons of Organic Farming
The first disadvantage is low productivity. With the highly developed chemicals and machinery farmers are able to multiply the harvest manifold times. Organic farmers use the cultivation method as opposed to drilling method used by the traditional farmers. The cultivated soil is prone to wind, water erosion.
The organic farmers grow crops according to the season. Neither do they artificially grow a crop nor extend the life of the plant or use chemicals, synthetics or pesticides. So oranges found in winters and mangoes in summer. There is no doubt that you will benefit if you eat a particular food item when in season.