Prevent Soil Erosion

Prevent Soil Erosion

Soil erosion takes place when soil is washed away by rains or blown away due to the wind. Soil erosion prevention can be carried out with some effective measures. This article will guide you on the effective methods on how to prevent soil erosion.
Gardenerdy Staff
What are the harmful effects of soil erosion, that makes the process of how to prevent soil erosion everybody's responsibility? There are many harmful effects of soil erosion - it affects the quality of the soil and reduces the productivity of soil to a great extent. The soil loses its fertility which is difficult to be regained. The critical harmful effects of soil erosion are that the farmlands become unproductive and in some cases completely barren, and the agricultural output of such areas is none or very less. This indirectly affects the economical and living conditions.

Due to the loss of soil, the vegetation suffers and there are climatic changes and environmental issues of ecological imbalance. For recreation of soil, thousands of years are required. So, soil erosion control becomes everybody's responsibility, and one can ensure soil erosion prevention by using the below measures.

How to Prevent Soil Erosion

There are many ways to protect soil from the two main soil erosion causes which are over-watering and wind, given below are some of the best and most effective cost saving ways to prevent soil erosion.

Planting Vegetation
Wondering, how farmers prevent soil erosion? This is one of the important measures that farmers use, by planting trees and grass. This is also a very effective measure to prevent soil erosion, in residential areas. Over the affected soil region of residential landscapes one can plant trees, crops or shrubs. Plants will provide a protective covering and help greatly to reduce the impact of wind, over watering and rainfall; they will also stabilize the properties of soil and thus, prevent soil erosion. The best choice for plants to prevent soil erosion are herbs, wild flowers and small trees. Some excellent plants that help to prevent soil erosion are creepers because instead of growing straight up, they spread on the ground by crawling around.

Applying Mulches
Mulching around trees, or plants will greatly help in soil erosion control. Mulching acts as a fertilizer and also acts as a protective covering for the tree and plants against extreme weathers. Mulching will allow water to reach the soil slowly, and thus reduce the impact of rainfall or heavy watering. Mulches also greatly help to neutralize the soil pH levels. You can use any of the various types of mulch to prevent soil erosion, but it advisable that before applying mulch, you understand the individual needs of the plants and trees.

Matting for Soil Erosion Prevention
Just like mulching provides a protective covering around the trees, you can provide a protective covering to ensure proper lawn care by matting, which will also benefit the plants. The best environment friendly matting products contain wood fibers. Wood fibers are biodegradable, and will greatly aid the plants and trees to first penetrate the healthy matting layer and then the soil layer. Make sure that you apply a suitable thickness of matting to the soil.

Edging to Control Soil Erosion
Another effective method to prevent soil erosion, is to add retaining walls in your gardening plans. A sign of water erosion on a hard landscapes are mud puddles or wet patches. For preventing this, one can construct a retaining walls around the garden beds which will act as shields and help to prevent soil erosion. This measure of soil conservation allows the water to remain in the water bed, thus letting it penetrate gradually inside the soil.

Some of the other measures to prevent soil erosion are contour farming, which is done on slopes; and creation of windbreakers by planting evergreen trees around gardens or farmland, to prevent the wind blowing away the soil.