Pond Maintenance Tips

Pond Maintenance Tips

Maintaining a pond is not an easy task. It includes maintaining a healthy ecological balance, cleaning out the sludge, and controlling the algae booms.
Gardenerdy Staff
A pond can be an attractive addition to your surroundings. You can decide its size depending upon the available space and your budget. Fill it up with some aquatic plants and fish, like goldfish or koi fish. You should provide your pond with pumps and filtration system for water circulation and purification. Different types of filters are available such as the biofilter, biological filter, and UV filter. Several things can affect a pond's ecosystem such as dead plants, uneaten fish food, insects, and waste from the creatures in pond.

Helpful Tips for Maintaining a Pond
  • You should regularly check the water level of your pond as pond water may evaporate continuously. The pond does not have an ability to hold the water during the rainy season unlike a lake or the sea. It may lose excess water during the dry season. Therefore, you should check and maintain adequate water level. You should fill the pond with freshwater as needed, to ensure safety and health of the aquatic life in its ecosystem. If the water level is not dropped within 3 weeks, then pump out some water and add freshwater in the pond. Add a dechlorinator to minimize the amount of chlorine in the newly added water. Dechlorination is very important, as a small amount of chlorine can harm or even kill the fish in the pond.
  • Check your pond for the presence of any decaying plants and other waste. Regularly check the bottom of your pond and remove the decaying plants and debris from it.
  • Check the filtering system of your pond every 5 weeks for the presence of clogs or other obstructions. These obstructions can prevent the uninterrupted flow of water. Keep in mind that the filter should work for 24 hours without any interruption. Even if it stops for a few hours, it may lose a large amount of its beneficial bacteria. In order to avoid it, you should regularly clean the filter to maintain the cleanliness of your pond.
  • Add some beneficial bacteria to your pond. These bacteria are the natural cleaning agents and helpful in maintaining the ecosystem. They feed on the fish waste and other organic debris in the pond, and convert ammonia into nitrites, which are then converted to nitrates. Nitrates play a major role in pond filtration. They are absorbed by the aquatic plants, which in turn release oxygen. This nitrogen cycle helps to reduce phosphorus and other harmful contents in the pond. This cycle can also prevent the growth of algae. The beneficial bacteria feed on decaying matter such as fish waste, dead bugs, and leaves. Such organic waste is essential for the growth of algae. The growth of algae in the pond water is prevented due to lack of the organic waste. These beneficial bacteria are available in four forms, i.e.liquid, powder, barley straw, and blocks.
  • Proper aeration of your pond is very important, as fish and bacteria need oxygen. Once you provide your pond with adequate aeration, it is easier to maintain it. You should also fertilize your water plants with appropriate fertilizers.