However, before you consider planting peonies, see whether you can provide the given basic growth factors of these lovely perennials.
- Peonies adapt in the USDA hardiness zones 7 through 9. With proper care, they thrive in zones 8 and 9 too.
- Propagation of peonies is done by means of bulbs, bare root plants and container grown young peonies.
- Peony bulbs are best to grow in full sun, but they also tolerate garden areas falling in partial shaded condition.
- Preferred garden soil for peony plantation is well-drained soil, rich in organic matter and farmyard compost.
- The soil pH should be near normal (about pH 7). But if it is not available, mild acidic soil works well.
- Ideal time for planting this plant is fall. They get enough time for establishment before the arrival of cold winter.
- Exposure to cold chilling temperature (winter dormancy) is a must for blooming of peony in flowering period.
- In areas where spring temperature is high, blooming period is very short. So, get rid of spent blooms to lengthen flowering duration.
How to Plant Peonies
Fill soil halfway, and place the peony crown, ensuring that the buds will lie about 1½ -2 inches below the soil. Shallow placement will cause drying of the buds.
Mulching around the peony plants is a simple measure to conserve soil moisture, keep the soil cool and control weed growth. So, lay organic mulch about 2-4 inches thick as a part of planting peonies and caring them. But, do not forget to remove them in winter, or replace mulch with loose straw to reduce disease infestation.
To ensure production of larger blooms, consider removing buds that develop near to the mother plants. As the flower fades, deadhead them to conserve nutrients for inducing other blooms. After flowering season is over, trim off the foliage and stem just above the ground level. These basic peony care tips prepare the plants for next year's blooming season.