Care for Palm Trees: Young Ones
To get the best palm tree, head to a local nursery, where you should be able to find a wide variety of palm tree types to choose from. Bear in mind that palm which can be grown as indoor plants, have a few different requirements as compared to the ones grown outside.
Choose a palm that has at least four healthy branches shooting from its base, and an axillary bud at a leaf node (this would be your new shoot), sprouting from the base. Check for any diseases or tiny mites that can hide themselves well under its green foliage. Always choose native plants as they will be more resistant to climatic and soil changes.
Fill the hole back with prepared soil. Prepare the soil by mixing one part fine sand, one part mud, one part compost and one part Mycorrhizal fungi. Mix some fertilizer. The sand will help in water drainage, the mud will hold the moisture, and the Mycorrhizal fungi and compost will provide the palm tree with enough nutrients to accelerate its growth.
Caring for Palm Trees: Established Ones
Established palms needs to be fed with a slow release palm fertilizer at least twice a year, and four times for indoor plants. If you use liquid fertilizers, add them once every two months.
The composition you add will depend upon the size of the tree. Make sure the fertilizer you choose contains part nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, etc. in small percentages. Always spread the fertilizer one foot away from the trunk and onto the outer circle of the tree.
For potted palms, add it all along the outer circle. Basically fertilizer should never be directly added close to the roots, as they damage (burn) them. Water the plant thoroughly after fertilizing it.
Pruning palm trees, including the tall ones, is essential to their healthy growth. Indoor palms require pruning to cut off the fronds that have gone yellow, or have blackened with diseases. Prune them from the base; some of the loose petioles can be pulled out by hand. If they don't come off, leave them on to dry a little longer.
Thus, the basics of outdoor as well as indoor palm tree care are similar. One just needs to pay attention to their size, and work using the tips above mentioned. Do keep in mind that different varieties need different care. Adhering to these tips will help ensure that your palms stay green and keep swaying happily in the wind.