The advantages are that the food is natural, tastes better, gives better nutrition, and is environment-friendly. Also, it is not taken through processing and therefore there are no additional additives and the like to mar the taste and take away from the nutrition. All these organic food benefits makes this form of gardening a great option to look into.
Soil and Sun
The main thing that you need to do before anything else is to ensure that the soil conditions are perfect. Make sure that the soil is made extremely fertile by addition of mulch and organic fertilizers like compost, or by adding earthworms to the soil.
If you're starting out for the first time, then you should opt for plants that are not prone to easy disease or attack from pests. This will help you ease into the whole process and you'll learn better along the way.
Depending on the variety you are planting, the method of planting will change. While the instructions will be provided at the back of every individual packet, there are some things you need to remember―plan beforehand the kind of space the plants will require to thrive when they have grown to their full size.
The soil should be kept fertile and rich while plants are growing and this can be done by adding compost and mulching to the soil. Add about 2 inches of this to the top layer. This also prevents any fungal disease from infecting the roots and causing rotting. You can add organic garden pesticides so that the plants are free of disease.
The watering techniques will change according to the variety of plant, though there is a general rule that you should not let the soil dry out. The best way to water the plants is to water directly at the roots and avoid wetting the leaves so that it does not attract pests.