A good organic soil mix is very essential for the healthy growth of your plants. Organic gardening has regained its popularity since ancient times, as manual farming was the only option people had during that time. The reason why organic soil is so popular is because, it gives the cultivator a sense of control over what they are consuming and helps them abstain from chemicals and toxins. Vegetables and fruits bought from the market do not hold any guarantee about being safe for consumption. Today, harsh chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides have become an inseparable part of agriculture, which ensures that these chemicals indirectly enter our bodies and the food chain, and thereby causing fatal and often irreparable harm.
It isn't difficult to concoct a healthy toxin free mix for your soil, since all it needs is some awareness about the materials that can be used as substitutes for fertilizers etc. Take a look around your environment and you will gradually find a lot of such substitutes that you can use for making your organic mix for your garden or farm. Here are some very good examples of soil recipe:
This is by far the most ancient method of making soil mixture, as it may contain almost any waste. That includes animal excreta, alfalfa hay, vegetable and fruit waste, wasted food as well as dead leaves. As per the study of soil science compost is known to retain water well, it provides nutrients to the plants. Though it requires many different natural ingredients to make it truly effective; the reason why many people do not prefer using it. Though if made well they can be the best for your plants. Pine barks when turned into compost contains lignin, is light on the mix, is porous, and can retain water. It also resist many diseases and is considered to be the best soil mix . You must begin preparing the compost at least 6 months before you actually plan to use it.
Its scientific name is Hibiscus Cannabinus and it is a plant found in the warmer regions of America. Kenaf is often used in making paper, though the waste products can be used for making the organic mix. The plants core fiber is the best for organic mixes and is proven to have beneficial results.
Sphagnum Peat Moss
Sphagnum moss is the most widely used as well as commercially available type of peat moss in the market. It is readily available and very inexpensive. This peat moss hold water very well and takes time to decompose. Though it should be known that this peat moss is acidic with a pH of 4.0, therefore limestone is added to the peat moss mix. Always use light-colored sphagnum peat moss as it is very porous.
Clay and Sawdust Mix
Mixing marine glacial mica clay to sawdust works wonders with your vegetables and flowers. Sawdust must only be from Oak, hickory or maple trees as others increase the toxic levels of the soil. Arcilite and illite clay mixed with pine bark also work very efficiently.
Coir is the by-product of coconut husks, often manufactured by coconut fiber industries. It is purely fiber therefore lasts longer than peat. Coconut coir contains potassium, chloride and sodium which are almost 7 times more than peat moss. Coir has greater water retention capabilities. Though if you do not live in a tropical area, getting hold of coconut coir will be expensive.
Scrap paper can be used as a substitute for peat moss. Though remember to use paper from brown paper bags, notebooks, letter pads etc. Do not use paper with gloss or ink as they are toxic and not recommended for soil. Paper is porous and absorbs water well. Though the paper mash must not be more than 25% of the volume of the soil mix.
Vermiculite is lightweight and is extremely porous when used as a mix. Though, in order to maintain its porosity it must be handled gently. This mix holds and retains water and fertilizers when mixed with soil. It contains calcium, magnesium and it has minimum acidic pH levels in it which gets reduced by adding calcium carbonate and dolomitic limestones to the soil less potting mix. Vermiculite greatly helps in the growth of big plants and aids in germination.
Perlite and Sand
Pertile is made after volcanic rock is heated and expanded into a lightweight white substance. Perlite does not decompose easily and creates air space for the plants to get plenty of access to water as well as air. It makes an excellent substitute for sand. Sand can also be used, as it is the least expensive mix and the most readily available. The only draw back is that it is also the heaviest and does not suit small plants as the plant tend to sink into the sand. Though sand is rich in minerals and is very suitable for heavy plants.
Made from pine bark, this soil mix acts as an excellent water absorbent and help retain moisture in the soil, so that the plants stay hydrated for longer periods without needing frequent watering. This humus can be easily blended with other soil mixes, such as peat moss, vermiculite, compost, and pure animal manure,so that it eases the preparation of resilient soil such as clay, and sand.
The aforementioned organic soil recipes may not go well with all types of soil, therefore taking note of which type of soil is present in your garden will make it easier for you to decide which organic mix to use.