By adding organic matter like compost, manure and leaves and organic household waste to the soil, the top soil is made more fertile. This organic matter works as mulch and with the assistance of worms and other living organisms, the soil becomes aerated, which enhances the structure of the soil.
This form of gardening works well for soil that is too compacted or rocky which requires extensive digging. The no dig gardening method is similar to lasagna gardening technique. Let us take a look at how to employ the no dig method for gardening.
Build the Surround for the No Dig Garden
To utilize the no dig method for backyard gardening, first you need to find a spot in your backyard that receives plenty of sunlight. A sunny spot that is not directly below a big canopied tree is perfect for our purpose.
Once you have selected the spot for gardening, make a surround for the garden bed by laying some bricks. A rectangular or square shaped surround with a minimum height of 30 centimeters works beautifully.
Layer the Surround with Old Newspaper
Once you have build your surround, you need to layer the inside with old newspaper. To do this first fill an old tub with water and soak each sheet of newspaper into the water. Allow the water to soak the newspaper sheets completely and then remove each sheet and place on the bottom of the brick surround.
Make sure that the soaked newspaper fills every inch of the inside of the surround. Once you are done layering the bottom of the surround with newspaper, you need to repeat the process until you have a good 8-10 centimeter thick layer.
Layer the Surround with Lucerne Hay
Next add a thick layer of Lucerne hay over the newspaper layer that you had placed inside the bottom of the surround. As with the newspaper layer that you had put, make sure that the Lucerne hay cover every inch of the bottom of the surround. Water the hay slightly by using a watering can. Water conservatively. You do not want to drown the hay in water.
Add Manure to the No Dig Garden Surround
Now add a layer of manure over the Lucerne hay and make sure that you add enough to cover the entire hay. Add another layer of Lucerne hay over the manure that you have just put in. Add enough hay so that you have a thick layer that is about 20 centimeters in thickness. Place a layer of manure over the hay and water lightly.
Add Compost and Plant Seedlings
Finally add a thick layer of organic compost to the no dig garden. Place seedlings into the surround and water it regularly so that the seedling can germinate and the layers of hay, compost and manure can break down. Gradually the no dig garden bed will break down into nutrient rich soil.