Caring for a Jade Plant
The Latin name for this plant is Crassula ovata and is native to South Africa. A slow grower that flourishes even in household environment, it can reach a height of 5 feet if grown as an indoor plant. If you care well, your plant will thrive for many years to come. It blooms and produces small, white flowers during spring. The plant is an evergreen.
It is important to place your plant in direct sunlight. Even if you keep your plant in an area that has very little direct sunlight, move it to a place where it is under direct sun for a couple of hours everyday. This will help the plant to grow well.
The temperature in which this plant flourishes is about 65 - 75ºF during daytime and 45ºF at night. The plant needs the humidity to be lower than normal.
The plant needs to be watered once a week. Pour water in the pot till it drains freely from the bottom. When the top inch of the soil seems dry, it is time to water it.
Add a water-soluble liquid fertilizer to your jade plant. You need to fertilize the plant between April and October, when it's not growing. It is a good idea to use the balance 10-10-10 formulation of fertilizer to provide nutrition to the plant.
You need to drench the plant once every month with water for about 2 to 3 minutes. Make sure the water drains out of the pot as this will help in removing any excess fertilizer residue in the soil.
Keep an eye out for any form of infestation. If you discover a soft rot, you need to remove the affected part to prevent it from spreading further. If you see something that look like scabs on the waxy leaves of the plant, then your plant has probably been infected by the fungus sphaerotheca.
This plant can be treated by application of thiophanate-methyl. You can purchase these pesticides from a garden store or plant nursery. Mealy bugs are parasites that infect the stem and leaves of the plant. These are wholly aphids that cause damage to the plant. Take a cotton swab, dip it in alcohol, and apply it to the plant to kill the bugs.