What are Hybrid Tea Roses
It was Jean-Baptiste Guillot who accidentally bred the Hybrid Perpetual (Madame Victor Verdier) with a tea rose (Madame Bravy). The resultant flower was a flower that had silvery pink blooms with bright pink tips. These flowers were very large and were about 5 inches in diameter.
Care for the Plant
Then, dig a hole in a planting area that is rich in organic matter, and has loose soil. The hole should be about 18 inches in diameter, so that it is easier to spread the roots. If you live in a warm area, place the bud union at the base of the plant about 1 to 2 inches above the soil level.
Those who live in colder climatic regions, should place the bud union 1 to 2 inches below the soil level. This is because the bud union is prone to winter damage, and should be protected during the cold climate.
Once you place the plant in the hole and fill half of it with soil. Add a little water and remove any air pockets present. Fill the remaining hole with soil and finish off the job by pouring water again. Prune off a bit of the top growth after planting. People living in hot and sandy soil locations, should water the 3 top inches of soil regularly.
They love slightly acidic soil conditions and require fertilizers to grow. During early spring time, you need to feed a balanced fertilizer to your plants weekly. You should stop feeding your plants about 6 weeks before the first frost. During winter, you need to protect the rose plants from winter damage.
This can be done by cutting about 30 to 36 inches of the tall canes and tying the tips together. Clear off any dead leaves, stems, around the plant. You should till about 12 inches of soil around the center of the plant. Then cover the soil mounds with straw, leaves, etc. Mulch about 15 to 18 inches of the soil mound.
After winter passes, you can remove the mulch and soil from around the plant base. Leave only about 2 inches of mulch to make sure water is retained around the plant during summer, and prevent weed growth.
Those who regularly cut the hybrid tea blossoms, need little pruning. You should prune them in early spring. Make sure there are a few leaves on the stem after cutting the roses. Remove dead and diseased canes and the stronger canes should be pruned to 12 to 24 inches. You may find this rough on the plant, but it encourages more growth, better blooms.
There are hundreds of varieties. Choose a variety that is suitable for you climatic conditions as well as soil type. If you are looking for rose plants that produce large blooms on long stems, and are on low maintenance, then hybrid teas should be your first choice.