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How to Plant a Vegetable Garden

A Quick Guide on How to Plant a Vegetable Garden

Many vegetables are easy to grow and by learning to plant a vegetable garden in a small space you can grow many herbs and vegetables, and use these fresh vegetables for cooking.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Nov 28, 2018
Beautiful Young Garden Manager
The job of creating a garden needs some planning and research. The two important questions to ask is 'what to plant' and 'when to plant'. By figuring out the right plants and the right time to plant them, you have completed an important step in starting a vegetable garden.
Romaine Lettuce, Hydroponics system
It is important to consider compatible plants that don't inhibit each other's growth. Figure out the right time to plant them. Make groups according to the season, as they should be planted and grown together. These tips will help you plant different kinds of vegetables.
Selecting the Site
Large Grass Backyard
The best way to plant a garden is to select a site which is the sunniest and brightest in the yard. If you can't find such a spot then find the next sunniest spot, but avoid areas which are too shady as only leaf crops can grow in limited sunlight.
Pumpkin vegetable garden
If you don't have enough space in your yard, then make groups of plants which can be grown on a patio or deck using container gardening. Many hanging plants which can grow on limited sunlight are a great choice.
Choosing the Right Plants
Girl and Grandma Planting Peas in Garden
As this is your first time growing a vegetables garden, pick lesser than average number of seeds of the vegetables, so that you don't run out of space.
Fresh Potatoes
Select the varieties that grow, mature, and yield to the region and pick seeds of vegetables that you and your family would like to eat. If you are in doubt then seek advice of a local master gardener or a certified plant nursery professional.
Timing the Plantation
Lettuce crop
It is important that you pick the vegetables according to the season. Vegetables which come earliest in spring season are rhubarb, lettuce, asparagus, and radish.
Harvesting Potatoes
Vegetables that you can store in your basement and grow in winters are potatoes, carrots, squash, parsnips, etc. For summer sweet corn, beans, peas, beets, cauliflower, and tomatoes are appropriate.
Pumpkin - Queen of autumn, bright red, tasty and healthy
Do a little research on the vegetables which can be grown in the respective season and pick the vegetables which you and your family would like to eat.
Preparing the Soil
Planting Flowers in Garden
Once you have selected vegetable seeds, prepare the soil. Add organic humus generously to the soil. Peat moss and compost are good forms of organic humus. Mix humus thoroughly and begin planting.
Planning the Layout
Farmer Planting Young Seedlings
The planning should be done considering two important factors. First is to plant the crops which don't inhibit each other's growth, and the second factor is to allow space between each group of vegetables and space between individual plant.
Pumpkin crop
Plant the medium-sized crops like cauliflower, broccoli, tomatoes, squash, pumpkins, cabbage in the middle of the garden. Then at the very southern-end you should plant the low-growing crops like carrots, beets, lettuce, onions, radishes, etc.
Green Lettuce
Form trays for groups of vegetables and plant the groups in these trays. To understand the individual distance between the plants, refer to the seeds packages. The seed packages will tell you the exact distance that needs to be maintained between seeds while planting.
Lettuces in plots
So, use the guidelines explained here and make the right selection of vegetables to start your very own vegetable garden!