Do not require sprawling flowerbeds or an extensive green thumb to fill vases with homegrown blooms. Select annual flowers that are easy to grow, following all instructions found on seed packets and plant tags carefully.
Most cut flowers require rich, well-draining soil. When gardening, bring along a bucket of clean water, as well as sharp shears or scissors that have not been exposed to dirt or chemicals.
Planning ahead for a successful cut flower garden is the key to its success. Select a sunny location free from weeds, add plenty of organic matter for improved soil drainage, water retention, and plant varieties with similar needs in order to receive adequate care without competing against each other.
Sunflowers make an easy addition to a cut flower garden, with several varieties available for selection. Single stem varieties produce just one sunflower while branching varieties provide abundant blooms over an extended period. In addition, certain pollenless varieties may provide added relief for those suffering from allergies.
Create the ultimate garden by mixing perennials and annuals together, while including herbs and foliage as part of your design plan. Not only will they add color, height and texture – sometimes even replacing flowers altogether – they may also serve to help regulate temperature by acting as insulation from harsh climate conditions.
Gerbera daisies add vibrant pops of color and charm to any bouquet. Easy to grow from seed, these blooms come in various hues and sizes that last through the winter – or can even bloom all year! Although annual in nature, in frost-free zones they may even last the whole winter!
Plant gerberas in your garden or containers, making sure they have plenty of room to flourish. Provide full sun exposure and good drainage. Incorporate several inches of organic matter for enhanced soil moisture retention and nutrition.
Plant different flower varieties at staggered intervals so they do not all bloom simultaneously. Cut stems early morning or evening to prevent them from wilting and use clean tools so as to not spread bacteria. Submerge cut stems in water with flower preservative for one hour after cutting to ensure longer freshness of blooms.
Zinnias are perennial favorites when it comes to cut flower gardens, thanks to their bright blooms and low care needs. Zinnias produce long stems which last well in bouquets while being drought-tolerant too!
To determine when zinnias are ready for harvesting, grab their blossom just below a set of leaves and wiggle. If the stem feels rigid without flopping around too much, that indicates they should be cut.
To encourage greater bloom production, pinch zinnia plants when they reach 10 to 12 inches tall, just above a set of leaves. This will encourage them to branch out and produce additional stems. It is also possible to grow zinnias from cuttings; simply follow instructions on seed packets or seed catalogs for propagation.
Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus) is an annual summer flower that makes an excellent addition to cut flower gardens. There are various cultivars with unique features, including 5-petal varieties as well as those that resemble cupcake liners in terms of shape. Look out for varieties reaching 4 feet tall such as ‘Cupcakes White” and ‘Sensation”.
Plant seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost date in cell trays or 2-inch soil blocks and mist regularly until cotyledons emerge, then transfer outdoors once frost danger has passed with protection from wind. Cosmos don’t require much fertilizer as too much will encourage foliage rather than blooms; regular deadheading keeps plants tidy while encouraging reblooming.
As you begin planting your cut flower garden, it is crucial to group plants according to their cultural requirements. This will enable you to avoid over or underwatering certain flowers while also helping avoid issues like powdery mildew which can form due to high humidity and overwatering.
Zinnias and sunflowers, among other annuals, can be tall plants that require additional support as you create garden beds. When planning the layout for your beds, ensure there are spaces designated to these tall annuals – include netting or trellises as needed to secure them!
Dahlias make stunning centerpieces in any vase with their dense blooms and long stems, making for striking bouquets. When harvesting them, use sharp scissors or pruners to cut just above leaf nodes or buds for clean cuts. Submerge cut flowers into cool, clean water mixed with preservative and leave to sit in for one or more hours until rehydrating occurs.