Growing mushrooms is not a difficult task. All you need is a nutrient-rich compost to grow them. Mushroom compost is a result of decomposition caused by microorganisms. Microbes survive and multiply in organic matter rich in carbohydrates and proteins.
Water is also an essential requirement for the growth of microbes but only in adequate amount. Excess water creates an anaerobic state which hampers the growth of microorganisms. Hence, it is important to use optimum amounts of these substances to produce nutrient-rich mushroom compost.
Making mushroom compost is a fairly easy task. All you need is adequate amounts of carbohydrates to provide energy to microorganisms, nitrogen for protein supply, air, and moisture to aid in their growth and multiplication.
- Chicken manure - 10 pounds
- Blood meal - 1 pound
- Compost activator - 1 gallon
- Calcium carbonate - 10 pounds
- Super phosphate - 1 pound
- Gypsum - 1 pound
✦ Remove excess water from wheat straw and place it in a large bin which can provide a dark environment for microbes.
✦ The temperature within the pile reduces after some days. Check for it and re-mix the pile to generate heat. You can also add some water if the compost has insufficient moisture. Stack the pile again and leave it for further curing.
✦ The final mixture will be blackish brown in color with white fungus all over, having a pH between 7.0-7.5 and an earthly smell.
✦ The last step involves pasteurizing the compost at 140ºF for 4 hours in an oven. Place a lid over it to retain the moisture and let it cool with the lid on. Remove the lid only when you are ready to add the mushroom culture in it.
Preparing mushroom compost is not tiring except that it is a lengthy procedure, and you need to wait several days before using it for mushroom farming. If you are someone who wants to start with farming straight away, readily available mushroom compost in the market will make your job easy.
So whenever you want to grow mushrooms at home, take the first step of preparing a nutritious compost to harvest them and enjoy the delicacies!