Basil, thyme, rosemary, and cinnamon are very commonly used cooking herbs. They look excellent when kept in potted plants. Having them in your own garden is also very useful in case you run out of them while cooking. It is easier to simply pluck a few from your garden instead of running to the grocery store.
Similarly, it is no good growing parsley if you are not going to use it in any of your dishes. So, first decide on the use and utility of each herb that you're planning to grow. Also consider your local climatic conditions. Herbs are pretty delicate plants, so plant them only if you think that the necessary weather conditions are suitable for them.
You can choose one or a combination of the following design plans based on the herbs you are planning to plant. Each of these types has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, try to maximize the advantages based on the herbs you use.
The latter idea is better as it avoids the possibility of overcrowding. Most folks make the mistake of planting herbs too close to each other. This will create a competition between them for space and the weaker ones will get a beating. So, make sure that the plants are well spaced out.
The sun and soil combinations for plants should be taken care of while planting. Usually, it is a good idea to plant outdoors. Most herbs are not averse to the sun and in fact thrive in good sunlight. Also, make sure that you space the plants well so that they grow properly.
It requires lots of planning and creativity. You have to plan the whole project in advance. If you are planning to make a garden like that, do a bit of research as well. Look at other homes for cues. Search the Internet and you will find some unique garden designs for your home.
Chart out your garden first, before you go about the design. See how best you can place the plants. Plan which ones will complement each other in color and size. The main consideration for designing a garden is spacing.
So, whatever your design plan may be, there are some generic things that you need to follow. Things to keep in mind while you design an herb garden are soil combination, sun exposure, and spacing.