Basil, thyme, rosemary, and cinnamon are very commonly used cooking herbs. They look excellent when kept in potted plants. Having them in your own garden is also very useful in case you run out of them while cooking. It is easier to simply pluck a few from your garden instead of running to the grocery store.
Of course, growing a wide array of such herbs native to their own climates and soil compositions is not going to be easy. Each herb is accustomed to its own ecosystem, and creating a garden design in one-size-fits-all is not very easy.
First, you have to decide which herbs you want in your garden. Herbs come in a wide variety and will vary with your needs. For example, if you have a particular chronic health problem, it will make sense to grow an herb that will help alleviate the illness. Similarly, it is no good growing parsley if you are not going to use it in any of your dishes. So, first decide on the use and utility of each herb that you're planning to grow. Also consider your local climatic conditions. Herbs are pretty delicate plants, so plant them only if you think that the necessary weather conditions are suitable for them.
You can choose one or a combination of the following design plans based on the herbs you are planning to plant. Each of these types has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, try to maximize the advantages based on the herbs you use.
Simply put, container plantings are where you are growing herbs in pots. The easiest way to do this is to club together all the herbs that need similar soils and sun exposure. Conversely, you could also pot each one in individual small pots. The latter idea is better as it avoids the possibility of overcrowding. Most folks make the mistake of planting herbs too close to each other. This will create a competition between them for space and the weaker ones will get a beating. So, make sure that the plants are well spaced out.
Standard Outdoor Planting
Alternatively, you could plant them outdoors. Instead of keeping the plants inside the house, you could demarcate some space outside your house and design an herb garden there. Again, the same care needs to be taken. The sun and soil combinations for plants should be taken care of while planting. Usually, it is a good idea to plant outdoors. Most herbs are not averse to the sun and in fact thrive in good sunlight. Also, make sure that you space the plants well so that they grow properly.
Decorative plantings look beautiful and give your home that 'rolling-parkland' kind of feel. It's a grandiose project, ideal for big homes and big budgets. It requires lots of planning and creativity. You have to plan the whole project in advance. If you are planning to make a garden like that, do a bit of research as well. Look at other homes for cues. Search the Internet and you will find some unique garden designs for your home. Chart out your garden first, before you go about the design. See how best you can place the plants. Plan which ones will complement each other in color and size. The main consideration for designing a garden is spacing.
So, whatever your design plan may be, there are some generic things that you need to follow. Things to keep in mind while you design an herb garden are soil combination, sun exposure, and spacing.