Soil and Fertilizer
The soil used for cultivation has to be tilled properly. Being a leguminous plant, pea is capable of nitrogen fixation. A pH of 6.0-6.8 is considered ideal for the growth of these plants. Addition of nitrogenous fertilizers is therefore not required. However, a healthy amount of organic material should also be added to the soil.
Sowing is generally done in the period between mid-June and mid-September. There are three types of pea crops classified on the basis of duration of their life cycle. These types are as follows: first early (12 weeks), second early (14 weeks) and main crop (15 weeks).
The temperature of soil at the time of sowing needs to be 45°F. The soil should be well-drained and also moist in order to allow the growth of this plant without much difficulty. Distance between two rows (for sowing) should be maintained at 18-24 inches.
Care and Maintenance
Germination needs proper care in their early days of growth. Hoeing should be carried out at a shallow depth to prevent any kind of damage to the tender seeds and seedlings.
Diseases like root rot and fusarium wilt can be prevented by keeping the soil aerated and well-drained. Varieties like Sparkle, Daybreak, Dwarf Gray Sugar, Little Marvel, Snowbird, etc., should also prove to be useful from the point of preventing these problems.
Soil used for container gardening should be a mixture of potting mix, garden dirt, etc.; different media needs to be mixed thoroughly. Sowing is generally done during spring or fall. Seeds have to be sown 1 inch deep in the soil. This plant has to be supported as it grows taller. So, it is necessary to insert sticks in the container for providing support.