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How to Grow a Cherry Tree

How to Grow a Cherry Tree
Growing a cherry tree is quit simple once you get hold of the basics. Read on to know more...
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Nov 26, 2018
cherry
Come summer and you will notice red cherries in the fruit shelves of every grocery store. Cherry trees are the earliest blossoming fruit trees, and the branches laden with blossoms are breathtakingly beautiful.
Cherry Trees Of Foreign Species
In fact, there is hardly any fruit tree that is aesthetically comparable to a cherry tree. Thus, most hobbyists prefer including cherries in their orchard. What's more, the gardening requirements for growing a cherry tree are very simple, even for first-time growers.
Some Useful Tips
Pink Cherry Blossom Flower
In most cultivated regions, cherries are the first fruits to ripen and make their way into the supermarkets. From the gardener's point of view, cherry trees are very easy to grow at home.
There are two basic requirements for the optimal growth and fruiting of cherries, viz. sufficient planting space (for at least two cherry plants) and cold frosty winters. If you can provide these factors, you can definitely grow healthy and attractive cherries in your orchard.
Planting Time
Fresh Cherries
The peak season for this fruit is summer in some areas, while it is fall in other regions. Accordingly, the best time to grow it may be spring or fall months. In case you are growing a cherry tree from seed, sowing seeds in fall is preferable.
Pink Cherry Blossoms Close Up
You can consult your local horticulturist regarding this aspect and prepare the planting site as per the suggested time period.
Location
perfect lawn
Timely flowering and successful fruiting of cherries is dependent on which area you have selected for growing them.
Thus, one of the most crucial steps is choosing the correct planting area. If available, prepare soil in a sunny area that has well-drained, fertile soil. As sweet cherries require a pollinator, you need to have enough space for planting two or more trees.
Collecting Seeds
cherry pits
Once you finalize the area, the next step is collecting seeds. Buy ripe cherries from your local farmer markets, do not refrigerate them as you usually would. Consume them like always, rinse and preserve them. You can keep them in a sunny window for drying.
Sowing Seeds
Woman planting seeds
When fall arrives, prepare garden soil or flower bed for sowing the seeds. Make holes, 2 inches deep and with 1 foot gap in between. Sow the seeds and cover them lightly with soil. The seeds will undergo stratification in winter and then germinate in spring.
Transplanting Young Plants
By spring, the seeds will germinate and develop leaves. As they reach about 9-12 inch, you can transplant them to your backyard, where they can grow permanently. If you prefer to grow dwarf cherry trees, you can skip the sowing, and purchase young shoots directly in spring. Plant these young plants in the same manner as you do for transplantation.
Care
Ripe Cherries On A Tree Branch
Water new trees regularly in the first year for root growth. Mulching is useful to conserve soil moisture, and in reducing weed growth. For cherries, regular fertilization is not needed. You can apply old poultry manure or all-purpose liquid fertilizer in six months.
Pruning
Close-up of clippers pruning flowering bushes
Pruning cherry trees is not advisable for the first two years after plantation. In the following years, you can trim weak and tangled branches from the base. Ensure the shape of the trees are like an open vase. This allows enough penetration of light to the fruiting branches.
Cherry Blossom
appetizing cherries
If you have grown sweet cherries, buds are seen in early spring, when no other fruit trees in the yard bear flower. Depending upon the cultivar and the prevailing conditions, cherries grown from seeds bear fruit within 3-5 years of plantation.
cherry
With cherry trees in your yard, you can enjoy a constant supply of fresh, juicy cherries every summer. To get good yield, watch out for fungal attacks and insects in the trees.
In case of disease infestations, an oil spray works best in controlling plant pathogens. Indeed, growing a cherry tree is rewarding, as the tree yields bucketfuls of delicious fruits with minimal care and effort.