How are Cranberries Grown

Gardenerdy Staff Sep 30, 2018
If you have often wondered how are cranberries grown, then here is a look at some tips regarding the same.
If you have a green thumb, you would surely have mastered the art of growing various types of plants in your backyard. Cranberries are dwarf-sized shrubs that are found in the cooler parts of the Northern Hemisphere. They are used for a variety of products today.
Cranberry sauce remains to be the most important accompaniment with many meals in the traditional American menus. So, have you always loved the sweet taste of these fruits and wondered how they can be grown? Here is a look at tips so that you can enjoy making loads of cranberry goodies at home!

Tips

While growing cranberries, there are certain factors you would need to consider. Here are a few of them.
✓Cranberries are preferably grown in sandy soil, or even in acidic soil. These shrubs would benefit by being close to water, but it does not mean that the soil should be water logged.
If you add a layer of sand to the bed during spring for a couple of years, it will help in the growth of the shrub and also prevent the growth of weeds. Always ensure that the soil is moist and well drained.
✓These shrubs require full sunlight. If you have picked the shrub from a nursery, ensure you dig the plant hole around 2-3 times the width of the shrub's container, and the same goes for the depth as well. Once you plant the shrub, you must make sure that the root ball of this plant is even with the ground.
✓When you add the shrub into the pit, also add a small portion of the original soil to secure the plant. Then, fill the plant hole with some amount of water and let the soil, along with the root ball, absorb the water.
✓You would also need to spread a layer of mulch around 4 inches deep around the shrub. This helps prevent the loss of moisture and the growth of weeds, and also helps to keep the roots cool.
✓Fertilizers generally need to be used between the period of mid-May and late-August. Since these shrubs are wetland plants, they require minimal nutrient supplements.
✓Cranberries need to be harvested in autumn, i.e., from late September to October. This is the time when the fruit has a distinctive red color. To harvest these shrubs, the beds need to be flooded with water, approximately 6-8 inches above the vines.
A harvester needs to be driven through the beds in order to remove the fruits from the vines. The harvested cranberries then float in the water, which can then be pumped from the bed.
✓In that case there is a frost, sprinkle plants and soil with water immediately after it, or else the harvest may suffer.

✓To prevent damage caused by insects or pest, you would need to apply certain insecticides and fungicides during the summer months. This helps to control the damage done, or even prevent it for that matter.
✓Generally, there has been one misconception about growing cranberries that the beds needs to be flooded throughout the year. This is not the case however, and they need to be irrigated regularly to be able to maintain the soil moisture.
In many farms, the beds are flooded in autumn to help in the process of harvest, and this is repeated again in the winter as a way of protection against the low temperatures.
✓Preferably, always grow cranberries in an open site to help in the process of pollination.