The hazelnut tree is a native North American but can be seen across Asia and Europe as well. It is commonly known as 'filbert' and is a deciduous tree. A major chunk of commercial hazelnut tree planting is carried out in Oregon and Washington. But hazelnut trees can be planted at home too. This Gardenerdy article will guide on how you can plant one of these trees and enjoy it.
A hazelnut tree requires sandy-loam, acidic soil with a pH level of 6.0 - 7.0 to thrive. Hazelnut trees have fibrous roots. Hence, it is also important to compost the soil in which you plan to plant the sapling. Composting ensures that the roots receive proper nutrients and moisture from the soil.
Mild summers or cool winters are conducive for planting it. Hazelnut flowers and nuts require considerable periods of cooling to mature fully. Generally, the temperature that suits the trees best is around 6 - 8 degrees Celsius.
About 750 mm annual rainfall is necessary for proper growth of hazelnut trees. However, in places where there is insufficient rainfall, suitable irrigation can be carried out.
It requires minimum use of strong fertilizers. Since the soil is already composted during planting, simple fertilizers can be used 2 - 3 times in the first year and once a year subsequently.
Hazelnut trees can live up to 20 years. They are capable of spreading over an expanse of 8 - 10 feet while growing up to an average height of 12 - 15 feet. The gaps between the trees often get inhabited by weeds and grass. This makes it cumbersome for collection of nuts once the tree matures. Hence, constant weed control of the area around the hazelnut trees is an important task that must be undertaken.
Instructions for Planting
- Get your Sapling: You can get a sapling from your local nursery or you can plant hazelnut seedlings in a pot of well-watered soil. The soil must be moist for the seedlings to grow.
- Spot the Site: Picking the right spot for planting the hazelnut tree is very important because of its root system and the spread of the canopy. So pick a spot that will allow the tree to stretch itself both vertically and horizontally. Also, ensure that there isn't too much sunlight, as this is unfavorable for the hazelnut tree.
- Dig the Hole: The average depth of the hole for a hazelnut sapling should be at least thrice the length and width of the sapling. This will ascertain enough space for roots as well as branches of the tree.
- Plant the Sapling: Place the sapling neatly into the hole and fill it up with composted soil.
- Mulch the Area: Mulching is an organic gardening process of protecting the area around a tree with organic matter that facilitates excellent fruiting and flowering. Mulching around trees is an extremely favorable practice to ensure healthy growth of the plant and also acts as a great fertilizer.
- Water it Regularly: One of the most basic gardening tips is to water the saplings regularly. Young saplings absorb a lot of water. So, ensure that your hazelnut sapling has adequate water supply, especially in its first year of growth.
- Fertilize the Soil: As mentioned earlier, use mild fertilizers to fertilize the soil just twice or thrice in the first year. Hazelnut trees are hardy and can grow well with minimum fertilization.
These were some easy tips planting and caring for a hazelnut tree. After reading them you are definitely ready to grow your own tree and enjoy the hazelnuts! So, what are you waiting for? Go 'nuts'!