Growing Peach Trees

Growing Peach Trees

This luscious fruit tree grows beautifully if you know what it takes to care for it. We'll take a look at the steps involved for those of you who'd like to grow a peach tree.
Gardenerdy Staff
Who wouldn't enjoy plucking sweet, juicy peaches right from their own garden? With adequate hard work, you can soon reap the sweet benefits of growing peach trees in your backyard. The trees will produce juicy fruit in just a few years of plantation, where nurturing them correctly will determine their outcome. Let's take a look at the process of how to grow your very own peach tree.
Steps on How to Grow a Peach Tree
From Cuttings/Saplings
The most important part of growing these trees, is providing them with ample sunlight. Pick a sunny spot to plant the tree, not a shaded one. Peach trees are non-fussy plants that require minimum gardening care. Let us see how to grow them from cuttings.

You need to plant the tree cuttings in deep sandy soil that has a loam-clay consistency. Your soil should be well-drained since poor drainage can hamper your plant's growth. The soil pH should be about 6.5. Ideally, plant one-year-old trees that have a well-established root system. Small trees with a good root system helps establish the plant. Spring is the best time to plant these trees. If you plan to plant more of them in the same place, space them 10 to 12 feet apart from each other.

Another important aspect in the process is pollination. Peach trees are self-pollinating, meaning that pollen of the same flower can pollinate and develop a fruit. Therefore, bring home just one tree cutting or sapling since it is sufficient for pollination.

Next, you'll need to rake and hoe the soil. The soil surface should be smooth sans clumps or rocks. Then, you'll need to dig a deep hole into the earth before planting the peach tree cutting or sapling. The roots of the tree should be soaked in water for at least 6 to 12 hours before you plant them. Dig a hole that is large enough to accommodate the roots, without constricting them. Do not bend the roots while spreading them away the tree's trunk.

Then, place the tree in the earth and bury the roots in a layer of soil. Pour water over this area, being sure to generously saturate the soil. After planting the tree, prune it a year from planting by first doing away with fast-growing shoots that take form at the top of the tree. Once you notice angled-branch growth, cut away other branches that stand in its way, focusing your attention on these dominant angled branches. Repeat this again after a year, by cutting away branches at the top the tree including shoots that grow underneath the dominant branches. Later, you can snip away other branches to maintain the shape of the tree.
From Pits
Growing these trees from seeds or pits is very easy. All you need to do is collect the seeds or pits of the fruits and then plant these in the soil. By using pits instead, you need to make sure that they're cold before they germinate. You need to sow the peach pits in the soil directly, in the fall. The area in which you plant the pits should be free from grass and weeds. The hole should be about 4 inches deep, where you'll need to mulch the area. The plant will sprout in the spring, and must be watered during the summer.
Growing a Peach Tree Indoors
You need to bring home a peach tree sapling that is not more than a year old. Buy a container that has a drainage hole at the bottom, and then place it over a drainage dish filled with small marbles around the drainage hole; be sure the marbles or stones do not block the drainage hole. Fill the container with 50% sand and 50% soil.

The plant should be planted at the same depth as the container or bag you bought it in. Then, water the plant immediately and make sure the soil remains moist but not dripping wet. You can add some fertilizer to keep the plant nourished. The container should be kept in a location that receives plenty of direct sunlight for most hours of the day.

The trees should be pruned late in the winter and during early spring. The branches should be cut in such a way that the bud nodule is close to the branch end. You need to shape your tree as you prune it and see that enough light filters through the branches. However, an indoor peach tree will not bear as much fruit like an outdoor one. So, do not expect a harvest from your indoor plant.
Dwarfed Peach Trees
You need to get a sapling from the local nursery of this kind of peach tree. They're smaller in size but the fruits are just as juicy and tasty. You need to choose a sunny spot and dig a hole that is 10 inches deep. Fill the hole with water and allow it to drain; if the water drains completely after 3 hours, you'll know that it is a good spot to plant the tree. Then, dig the hole with an additional depth of 18 inches, and add 1 to 2 inches of compost.
Remove the tree from its original container and place it inside the hole. Spread the roots carefully and fill the hole with water. Let the water drain before filling the hole with soil. Use organic compost, spreading it around the tree evenly. Water the trees twice a week and more often on hotter days. Prune the trees during early spring, removing thin, spindly branches when they take form.