The method may vary depending upon the type of grass that you are interested in planting. The thumb rule is planting the right variety at the right time and in the right place. Understanding this and other basic rules will help you create a healthy lawn that looks green throughout the year.
Based on the type of grass that you have chosen, the nutrient requirements may differ. For poor soil that is deprived of essential plant nutrients, you can supplement it with farmyard compost and/or organic fertilizer.
For growing grass successfully, make sure you select the correct variety that will adapt to the soil and environment of your area. If the location is shady that gets only 2-6 hours sunlight per day, you can opt for American shade variety. Native grass varieties grow best in any area. Consult local horticulturist for the correct grass type for your lawn.
Sowing Grass Seeds
Seeds can be sown on bare soil or existing lawn. If possible, sow grass seeds in bare soil. Doing so will lead to optimum germination of the grass seeds. Otherwise, presence of any sort of competing plants hampers the germination and/or growing of grasses. Once the seeds have been sowed, cover them with a layer of soil to quicken the germination process.
Irrigation and Fertilization
Irrigate and soak the soil deeply. In the first few weeks, you can irrigate the area on alternate days. Reduce watering frequency after the grasses have germinated. Addition of proper fertilizers at the right time is necessary for healthy growing of grass. In case of grasses that are growing in a shady location, limit the use of fertilizers.
Weed control is another important factor that aids in growing grass. Presence of weeds leads to lesser availability of water and nutrients, thus resulting in poor growth of the grass. In order to avoid this condition, ensure that you remove the weeds regularly. You can make use of mild herbicide for controlling the weeds with less effort.
Grass Mowing and Aeration
Mowing the grass to a suitable height level is important for maintenance of lawns. Cutting the grass to a very short level will lead to disease infestation. Thus, mowing should be done carefully to avoid such risks. Circulation of air is a must for healthy and lustrous green lawns. You can take a lawn aerator on rent for aerating the soil.
One should also have a keen eye and watch out for signs of presence of diseases and pests in the grass or around the growing site in order to preserve the beauty of the lawn.