No matter what the species is, the stem is about 180° bent at the tip. The nose of the flower faces downwards. Flowers have five petals which are bent up or outwards, which are sometimes twisted, and connected at the base of the flower into a cup. There are also five sepals behind the cup.
This plant prefers luminous rooms, with moderate temperature (i.e. not higher than 20˚C), with high humidity atmosphere. This can be attained by spraying water on the leaves. The substrate watering should be moderate, minding that excessive water should be eliminated. Cyclamens can't stand to be exposed to drafts of air.
They usually blossom between the months of September-March. After the flowers are dried out, watering is gradually reduced, and leaves get dry and fall down. Cyclamens then go into a dormant state (between the months of April-July).
During its dormant state, the plant needs to be kept in a cool dark place in its respective pot or can be taken out of its soil and kept in sand or in a plastic bag with airing holes. In order for the plant to blossom again, we must stop watering it until the appearance of the new leaves.
Cyclamens can be propagated by the division of the tubers (around the end of spring) or by seeding (between the months of July and September). The plant's fruit bears a capsule containing about 30 seeds. Cyclamen species are poisonous, and were used as purgatives in ancient times.
One must not expose it directly to the sun or to air drafts. As far as the temperature requirements are concerned, the optimum values for them to develop naturally and normally are around 18-21˚C at daytime and 10˚C at nighttime.
In autumn and winter time, we should try to keep a permanently humid soil. For this purpose, the best thing to do is to pour water onto the pot holder, to let it there for about 20 minutes, and then remove the water which has not been absorbed by the compost.
At the same time, we must remember to permanently clean the plant of its dried leaves and flowers. During the blossoming season, we should fertilize it every two weeks with a liquid fertilizer, diluted into the water; this way, flowers and leaves shall develop completely.