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Plants That Grow Fast from Seeds: How Many Do You Know?

Fast-growing Seeds
This Gardenerdy article gives you a list of some of the fast-growing plant seeds, which you can plant in your home garden.
Madhurjya Bhattacharyya
Last Updated: Jul 22, 2017
For many people, it's frustrating to wait to see the plants in their garden grow. Today, most homeowners are impatient and they want the plants in the garden to grow as soon as possible. This long wait is set to get shorter with the number of fast-growing seeds being available in the market. However, there are a few things you have to keep in mind like, the climatic conditions, time of the year, etc. Here we give you a list of flower, tree, grass and vegetable seeds, which you can use to give your garden an ecstatic look.
Flower Seeds
Also called pot marigolds, Calendula flowers are deep orange to light yellow in color. They start blooming during early summer, and bloom till the time frost arrives. These plants are compact, self-seeding, and about 20 inches tall. Once planted, it takes about 5 to 15 days for the seeds to germinate. Since it is a cool season plant, it can be planted indoors to start with, about 7 weeks before the last frost after which you can plant it outdoors. Make sure that the plant receives ample sunshine.
California Poppy
This variety of fast-growing plant seeds, which produces flowers, was first discovered by Dr. Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz on the Pacific coast. California poppies displays lively colors, and are long-lasting. They are self seeding plants, and can grow about 12 to 16 inches in length. They grow well in full sunshine, and can tolerate poor soil conditions. It is preferred to directly seed them, as disturbing the root system may harm the plant. Early spring is the best time to sow them, as the soil is still cool. Once sowed, the seeds usually germinate within 10 to 15 days.
The snapdragon flower ranges from vibrant oranges and reds, to pale pastels in color. They are one of the most popular flowers for fragrance and cuttings. Ingenuous to Mediterranean and southern Europe, the plants grow to about 1 to 3 feet in length, and are self seeding annual plants. These flowers flourish in cool climates of the latter half of spring, and grow best in well-drained soil. If the temperatures are high for longer periods of time, these plants would not flourish. They may grow from seeds or cuttings. If you plant them from seeds, you should first plant them indoors about 8 weeks before the end of frost, and you would see the seeds germinating in the next 10 to 20 days.
Morning Glory
The morning glory flower is known for its bright colors, like purple, red, pink, and blue. It's a vine plant, and is commonly found around old fences. If proper support is provided, they up to 15 feet in length, and are self seeing annual plants. You should choose a site where there is ample sunshine along with moist soil. The seeds of these plants germinate within 5 to 21 days, but they should be soaked in warm water to get best results.
Tree Seeds
Weeping Willow
The seeds of weeping willow tree are one of the fastest growing seeds. If provided with the ideal climatic conditions, they can germinate within 10 to 15 days. The tree by as much as 8 to 10 feet every year. The branches are slender and narrow, and the leaves become rich golden in color during autumn. The thick bark of this tree makes it pleasing to the eye, especially during the winter months when it has withered. The tree thrives in dry as well as moist locations, and mostly grow along river banks.
Silver Maple
The seeds of silver maple may take anywhere between 15 days to 2 months to germinate, depending on the climatic conditions. If provided with ideal climatic conditions, it can grow up to 3 feet each year. Silver maple gets its name from its foliage which has a silvery bottom, and turns orange-red or golden-yellow during the fall.
Eucalypts is one of those varieties of trees, which, if left to grow on their own, would grow to more than 50 feet in height. However, they can respond to different environmental conditions, and have the capacity to grow in any soil. On an average, it generally takes about 2 weeks for the seeds to germinate, but that depends on the surrounding temperature. Some seeds may take more time to germinate, while others may take less.
Grass Seeds
Perennial Ryegrass
This variety of grass is fine textured, and deep green in color. They can grow as fast as within a week or two if the ideal climatic conditions are provided. It grows well in cool climes, but does not grow well in extreme cold or hot climatic conditions.
Kentucky Bluegrass
Growing well in cool climate, Kentucky bluegrass is bluish-green in color, and takes about 10 to 22 days to germinate. The ideal temperature for Kentucky bluegrass is about 60°F.
Tall Fescue
Requiring very little maintenance, shady places are the best areas for growing tall Fescues. Usually this variety of grass grows within 2 weeks, and can also tolerate drought.
Bermuda Grass
Bermuda grass, one of the most common fast-growing grass seeds, can grow in any climatic conditions, warm or cold. Usually grown in warm climatic conditions, this variety grows within 21 days. It is extensively used in golf courses, sports fields, pastures, coastal areas, and lawns these days.
Vegetable Seeds
Edible Amaranth
One of the most common vegetables, the edible amaranth grows so fast, if given the required surroundings (especially warm conditions), that it can be harvested within a month. The seeds are small and ideally, the temperature should be more than 20°C. The young leaves and stems are edible, and can be cooked similarly as spinach. Due to its tender leaves and soft texture, you can also use it in soups and stir fry dishes.
Grand Duke
The seeds of grand duke are high-yielding. It is a hybrid of white kohlrabi. They mature around 50 days after being planted. They can be grated, sliced, or peeled and cooked like turnips. You may place the seeds in the outdoor garden when the outside temperature is still cold. Within the next 5 to 7 days, the seeds would begin sprouting.
Mino Early
A favorite vegetable of most people - Mino Early, commonly called Japanese Daikon radish is mostly planted in the summer. They take about 40 days after sowing to mature. Pure white in color, the root tapers, and is about 18 to 24 inches long.
Seeds for Science Project
For students of botany, science projects where plants are used to provide some valuable experience are a common phenomena. For such projects, the two important things to consider are the choice of seeds, and the amount of money you would have to spend. Some of the most common seeds that are used in gardening include alfalfa, broccoli, and sunflower. These seeds can be used to exemplify the effects of sunlight and water on germination. They sprout quickly and can be observed by placing them on a piece of moist paper towel. That way you can get a fair idea of the parts of the budding plant.
Thus, in today's fast-paced world where everyone wants fast results, fast-growing seeds have become popular. So, plant any of these, and spice up your garden.
Kohlrabi Seeds Isolated
Edible Amaranth
Grass seed
Culm in summer
seed pods
model weeping willow tree
Poppy Seeds and Pod Art
Pile of calendula seeds