Note these factors while choosing plants for your desert landscape:
- The average rainfall in your area should be recorded keeping in mind the water requirements for the plants.
- Amount of sunshine available as compared to the amount required by the plants.
- The highest and lowest temperatures throughout the year also affect the growth of plants that you choose.
With the knowledge of such considerations, you may choose from any of these plants for your desert landscape.
All these plants need low maintenance, and survive well in dry and hot conditions. It is ideal to group plants that have similar water requirements together. The desert soil is ideal for such plants, though it is not nutrient rich. All you need to do is water them regularly, and control the growth of weeds.
To materialize the ideas you have in your mind, you may adhere to these tips that will help you do so.
Do not place cacti and other thorny plants near walkways, as these may cause injury; place succulents there. If you wish to create a shade with your plants, choose from sweet acacia tree, foothills palo verde, Texas honey mesquite, ironwood tree, and Chilean mesquite. You may use plants that shed leaves in winter, for sufficient sunlight during that time.
✶ Ensure that you contour the land, so that the rainfall is useful for your desert plants. For instance, if you have a flat piece of land, create a slope about 4% above the ground, and place the plants that need the maximum water at the base of this slope.
Moreover, drip irrigation is ideal for the initial stages of plant growth. Bigger plants may be watered late in the evenings, so as to prevent quick evaporation.
✶ Use mulch such as wood chips and decomposed granite, to protect the soil and even add color to your overall desert landscape. This increases the water holding capacity of the soil, thereby making it more efficient. They also help in controlling the growth of weeds that begin to partake the water and nutrients meant for plants.
These ideas are easy to execute, and only require a little patience along with the right planning.