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Canary Island Date Palm

Canary Island Date Palm
Here is a description of the date palm tree from the Canary Islands. This date palm, with its distinct appearance, is highly valued for its fruit and sap.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Aug 30, 2018
The Canary Island date palm is found in the Mediterranean regions, and in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. It is also found in most regions of Spain. In Spanish, the palm is known as the 'Palmera Canaria'. This palm is very easy to identify, as it has a very distinct appearance. A huge canopy of leaves grows on the head of the tree.
Date Palm Grove
The trunk of the tree is very heavy, rather thin, and caterpillar-like. A diamond-shaped pattern is very prominent on the trunk. Sometimes, aerial roots also grow on the trunk, but are very close to the ground. Some of the date palms grow as tall as 60 feet.
The only drawback of the tree is that it grows very slowly. So, if you have planted one in your garden, do not expect quick results. The only thing that is important for very young date palms is that they should be taken care of, especially if they have been planted on barren land for achieving land maturity.
Scientific Facts
The Canary Island date palm is botanically known as Phoenix Canariensis. It belongs to the Palmae plant family. The Palmae family is botanically known as the Arecaceae family. The Canary Island palm is a close relative of the Phoenix dactylifera.
Canary Island Date Palm Tree ??? Embroidero, San Francisco, CA
An average date palm grows to a height of 10 to 20 meters. The leaves of this plant have a feather-like appearance, shared by the entire Palm plant family. This peculiar appearance is known as Pinnate.
Canary palm seeds
The fruit of this date palm is oval in shape, and has a yellow to orange-colored appearance.
This fruit belongs to the Drupe class, that has a fleshy covering on the outside, with the inner part compromising of an endocarp that holds the seed within. The size of the fruit is about two centimeters long and one centimeter in diameter. There is always a single seed within the fruit.
Uses
The Canary Island palm is used as a decorative plant and is a favorite of landscape designers. It is planted in different ways when used as an ornamental plant. Sometimes it is sown in rows or in a group of other plants.
If one has the patience to let the plant establish itself, then it can also be used as a centerpiece of a garden. The establishment period of this plant is very long; one needs to tend to the plant patiently till it grows to the desired height, so as to reap the benefits of a beautiful and stunning centerpiece.
It must, however, be noted that this plant rarely survives the pain of transplantation. Also, it must be planted in an accessible position. During the period of its growth, the date palm does not look very attractive, especially if you have placed it in the very center of your garden.
New Zealand's land care research body has described the Canary Island palm as a 'sleeper plant or weed'. It refers to a plant that grows very slowly and also spreads at a very slow rate. As a sleeper plant, it tends to stay unnoticed till fully grown. This plant is the best option for land maturity. It is planted on barren lands to improve land quality.
Pulp can also be extracted from the fruit of the Canary Island date palm. The pulp is processed into palm syrup which is known as Miel de palma. It is a very delightful accompaniment for pastries, pancakes, and ice creams. The flavor of the syrup is like molasses, hence it is used as a drizzling or a dressing for many sweet dishes.
The sap is often also converted into an alcoholic drink known as the Arrack, which is very similar to rum. It is also sometimes used for medical purposes.
Sun Setting Behind Palm Trees
The Canary Island palm is a wonder of nature. Though it is a sleeper weed, it can be of great use, not only for the sap but also for its beauty. It is truly a feast for the eyes.