Planting a Black Currant Shrub
The best way to propagate a black currant plant is by hardwood cuttings. Although softwood cuttings are also an option, it is difficult to promote their rooting. With these modes of propagation, the fruit bearing period is shortened considerably. You can find this plant at your local nursery. Following are the tips for growing this plant in your garden:
Since this hardy shrub has a longer life period, proper soil preparation is of utmost importance for growing it. For maintaining healthy plants, the soil should be rich, well-drained, and in a near normal to slightly acidic (pH 6.5-7.5) range.
Gently place the plant and fill the hole with soil. Press the soil firmly around the stem to remove any air pockets. Repeat these steps for growing other plantlets, but make sure to leave a space of about 1.8 meters between two plants.
After-planting care involves providing a warm temperature, moderate watering, and adequate nutrients. A one inch watering per week is sufficient to maintain the shrub. Laying a thick layer of organic mulch is beneficial in terms of conserving soil moisture and controlling weed growth. When exposed to prolonged dry spells, this plant is susceptible to mildew.
Mark the branches to be pruned and cut them very close to the main stem. By pruning this way, you can succeed in controlling diseases and pests to some extent.
According to cultivators, disease attacks are directly proportional to increase in the percentage of nitrogen content in soil. Hence, ensure that you use correct fertilizers in appropriate concentration.
If you have a black currant plant at home, you can propagate new plantlets on your own. The only consideration in collecting plant cuttings is doing so at the appropriate time, which is around mid October.
As the plant is in a dormant state, it can recover fully after the cuttings are made. With correct care and maintenance, this plant can remain productive for more than 15 years. However, the fruit quality and yield decrease gradually with age.