At the outset, let us understand what is organic farming. Well, organic farming can be defined as an agricultural activity done mainly to maintain the fertility of the soil and for pest control. It does not involve the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetically modified organisms, or any kind of plant growth regulators in it.
History of Organic Farming
The concept of organic farming originated out of the organic movement that existed in the 1930s and 1940s. The organic movement was actually an anti-synthetic fertilizer movement. Synthetic fertilizers were used widely in those days for agricultural purposes, whereas organic farming prohibits the application of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
Organic farming is a very old concept and a developed practice in India. In fact, it was implemented in India much before the organic movement began. Evidence of this fact have been found in the ancient texts of India. In India, many of the villages still practice organic farming methods.
Different Benefits of Organic Farming
- Organic farming proves to be more profitable than the age-old traditional farming methods.
- It has been found that organic farming reduces the production cost by about 25 - 30%, as it does not involve the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, which thus makes organic farming very cost-effective.
- This type of farming leads to a less toxic environment as far as the air, water and soil is concerned.
- Soil is the most important component in farming, and organic farming preserves the soil by reducing soil erosion up to a large extent.
- Organic farming also enables the farmers to use the soil for a longer period of time to grow crops, as soil fertility is maintained for a long time in such a case.
- Organic farming has a positive effect on the ecosystem, as it proves vital in supporting the survival of wildlife in the lowlands. It even provides safe pasture lands for grazing.
- This farming is not only useful to farmers, but also has proved useful for the dairy industry. Cattle grazing on organic farmlands have been found to be less prone to diseases, and yield more milk. These are definitely good signs for a consumer of these dairy products from a health perspective, and for a dairy organization from the profit perspective.
- Organic farming eliminates chances of fast production of food through artificial means.
- Products or foodstuffs produced from organic farming neither contain any sort of artificial flavors or preservatives, nor do they contain any harmful chemicals.
- Original nutritional content of food is preserved due to the absence of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
- Organic products moreover are tastier than the products yielded from traditional farming.
- Consumption of products obtained from organic farming minimizes the risks of physical ailments such as heart attacks, cancer, and ever strokes. Scientific studies have proven that organic foods are healthier than the inorganic ones.
- Organic farming automatically promotes diverse habitats. At such places, one will find a place full of life with animals, birds and insects.
Organic farming has proven beneficial for many, but the yield of organic farming has not been substantial since its beginning. Many farmers have turned to organic farming only on account of the subsidies given by the government to promote organic farming.
There have also been instances wherein farmers have opted for organic farming on account of reduced production cost as compared to traditional farming. Low productivity, higher time required to yield, and requirement of specialized skills for implementation have been some of the disadvantages of organic farming.