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How to Care for Bacopa Plants

How to Care for Bacopa Plants

Mostly a tropical and sub-tropical plant, bacopa is often classified as a semi-aquatic plant as well. Read the Gardenerdy article to find out how to care for bacopa plants once sown.
Gardenerdy Staff
Bacopa plant is a variety of about 70 to 100 aquatic plants which belong to the Plantaginaceae family. It is an annual, or perennial plant with erect stems. The leaves are shaped like a coil and the stems are sometimes hairy or smooth. The plants reach the height of about 6 inches only and have tiny star-like flowers that bloom from mid-spring till late fall. The flowers come in blue, pink, white, and purple colors. They are called trailing plants when they are also grown hanging down from a basket.

Proper Plant Care

You can either grow the plants in pots or baskets. The following are essential steps explaining the climate, water, soil, fertilizer needs, and pruning the plants.

Materials Needed
  • Bacopa plants, of course
  • High-potassium liquid fertilizer
  • Garden shears
  • Compost
  • Peat moss
  • Hand shovel
  • Mulch
  • Water
Step #1: The plants need to be sown where there is enough sunlight during the day. This means, choose a spot where there is direct sunlight for at least 6 hours a day. As we learned that the plants grow in tropical and sub-tropical zones, which is typically near the equator, it is very necessary that they receive adequate sunlight. So if you live in an area where the average temperature is around 80ºF, there won't be any damage to the plants. But make sure that the temperature doesn't go below 60ºF, or the plants will have an adverse effect.

Step #2: Improve the soil by using peat moss and compost in the garden or the pots. With a hand shovel, work them in the soil at least 1 foot deep. Peat moss and compost will help drain the soil properly as it is required for the plant. Also, peat moss provides the acidity, and the compost provides healthy nutrients that the plant needs.

Step #3: Purchase organic mulch like cedar, pine chips, or hemlock, and spread a layer of it over the soil. This will keep the soil damp and prevent unwanted weed growth. The mulch, similar to compost, adds beneficial nutrients in the soil as it works its way down in the soil over time.

Step #4: Depending on how high the temperature gets, the harshness of the sunlight, and humidity levels in your area, you will have to water the plants on a regular basis. You can choose to water them every other day and keep the soil evenly damp. Just make sure that you don't let the soil get too dry, or it may eventually make the flower or the buds dry up as well. But do avoid over-watering the plants as it may cause rotting of the roots and eventually the plant might die.

Step #5: Although the plants require adequate amount of water, they also thrive on the soil which drains properly. Which means you will have to include at least ⅓ sand int he soil and keep the rest plain. As for the fertilizer, use high-potassium liquid fertilizer every 2 week on a regular basis will be more than sufficient.

Step #6: As for pruning the plants, do so by snipping the old stems off with a pair of garden shears only. The plant has the habit of growing in different directions, which makes regular pruning essential. Also, remove any faded or dead blooms as well. Doing so will make the plants grow properly.

Apart from the steps mentioned above, just remember that these plants are not frost-tolerant. So make sure you don't leave them near any air conditioning vents or paths that get a direct drift. Following the instructions mentioned above will definitely make your garden or home lush with the gorgeous flower during spring.