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Azalea Care

Requisite Tips You Must Follow to Take Care of Azalea Shrubs

Like every other plant, the azalea too, needs appropriate care and conditioning. Here learn tips and tricks, which when used, will yield big, healthy, and beautiful azalea.
Shashank Nakate
Last Updated: Nov 26, 2018
Azalea are flowering shrubs and sub-genera of the genus Rhododendron. There are two sub-genera of Rhododendron, the Tsutsuji and Pentanthera which are classified as azalea. These plants grow in damp mountainous places and their flowering season starts in spring.
An important thing to consider in azalea care is their sunlight requirement, which is lesser than what is required by other rhododendrons.
Flower pot of pink Azalea (Rhododendron) on isolated background
They are, therefore, mostly found in shaded places, and once established in a particular setting, they grow easily, without much trouble. One doesn't have to pay much attention to these hardy plants after the basic requirements have been fulfilled.
Close Up Of Azalea
Azalea need climatic conditions with moderate humidity and temperature for their growth. The temperature that is best suited for growing azaleas is 20° C. Hot and dry climatic conditions would cause unnecessary shedding of leaves.
So, they should preferably be planted in a shady place. Also, azaleas grow well if planted near pines and oaks.
Soil Requirements
Close-up of Bonsai Azalea roots and pelleted fertilizer
The soil with pH equal to or less than 5.5, is most suitable for azaleas. The soil suitable for trees like holly, pine, and oak may also give good results.
You can check the soil pH by  specific tests. It is better to grow azalea in soil rich in organic matter.
Pink Azalea On White
Azalea plants require high amount of water. Don't water them with sprinklers or any other means that cause superficial wetting of plants. Water them at regular intervals and in a manner that the soil gets soaked or drenched completely.
Fertilizer Application
Azalea Flowers
Cottonseed meal, an organic fertilizer, should be used for azaleas.
Pests and Diseases
Protecting azalea plant from fungal disease or aphid
Azalea is prone to fungal diseases and one way to prevent them is cleanliness around stems and roots. Any decaying or dead leaves found near the trunk should be removed. Organic fungicides are best to avoid fungal diseases.
Azalea On White
Mulching preserves soil moisture around plant roots. It should be done in late autumn with shredded pine leaves. Mulching with hardwood barks should not be considered, as it increases soil alkalinity.
The depth of mulch around the plant should be around 1 inch. Care should be taken to see that the stem is not covered. Keeping the stem and trunk free of mulch, helps in reducing rodent infestation.
Follow these essential and helpful tips to ensure proper and effective growth of azalea plants.