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Aphids Removal

Stop the Aphid Nightmare With These Superb Removal Techniques

Aphids are small insects that can cause a lot of damage to plants. If you recently spotted these insects on your houseplants, do try effective aphids removal remedies to get rid of these sap-sucking insects.
Gardenerdy Staff
Last Updated: Sep 26, 2018
Did You Know?
Just a week old female aphid can produce up to 5 offspring per day for a period of one month, and a single aphid can produce about 50 to 60 offspring in a week.
Green fly on yellow flower
Aphids, also known as plant lice, are tiny sap-sucking insects. Though these insects are soft-bodied, they have stylets (piercing mouthparts or needle-like appendage) that helps them pierce through the plant tissue so as to feed over sap.
An Adult Ant With Aphids
They also leave behind honeydew secretion that may attract ants. Besides attracting ants or other insects, the honeydew secretion may also encourage the growth of a black fungus called black soot.
Aphid on the green plant
Their saliva can also damage the leaves, causing them to wilt or become discolored. They can attack any part of the plant but they prefer to infest the tender new growth. They can usually be spotted underneath the leaves or on the stem.
Getting Rid of Aphids
Since these insects multiply at a very fast pace, steps must be taken to curb their growth. One of the precautionary measures that can be followed is to examine the plants on a regular basis. This way you would be able to spot these pests. The idea is to spot them soon and get rid of them as soon as possible.
If you find discolored leaves or spot black soot on them, look very closely. Since new tender growth is more susceptible to damage by plant lice, you must check these areas for these little pests. Here are some of the methods that may prove helpful.
Manual Removal
Spraying The Garden
Examine the plants for signs of an infestation. Look closely. If you spot these insects, do not touch them with bare hands. Do wear gloves. Pick these tiny soft-bodied pests from the leaves and stems.
Squish them or dispose them off by drowning them in soapy water. You can also get rid of them by spraying the affected area with a strong stream of water. This is an effective way to dislodge these pests from the plant.
Pruning
Pruning In The Garden
You can prune the area infested by these. If there is a heavy infestation, cutting off the affected area is an option. This will prevent them from multiplying. It is better to chop off infested portion than letting the entire plant get damaged.
Soap
Mix 2 teaspoons of mild dish washing soap to a bottle of lukewarm water. Spray this solution to the infested area. You can also spray neem oil on the plants. That will surely solve the problem of aphid infestation.
You can even make a non-toxic pesticide at home. Mix vegetable oil to lukewarm water. Add 2-3 drops of dish washing soap to this solution. Spray this solution on the affected plants. This solution will clog their respiratory spiracles, thereby suffocating them.
Make sure that you don't use this oil solution when it is too sunny and the sun's rays are falling on the plant. This can cause damage to the plant.
Plant Garlic
These insects dislike the smell of garlic, mint and catnip. You could also use a garlic spray to kill them or plant garlic in your garden. Use sprays that contain oxalic acid over the affected plants. Oxalic acid acts like a poison for these pests. This acid can be found in garlic, rhubarb and hot pepper spray.
Biological Control
Black Ladybug
Bugs like ladybugs, damsel bugs, hoverflies and green lacewing larvae are natural predators of aphids. You could go to a garden center to buy them. If any of the bugs are released on the aphid-infested plant, these will feed on them, and destroy their colony.
An aphid infestation is a nightmare for farmers and gardeners. If the insects are allowed to multiply, they will wreak havoc on your plants. It is essential that you use effective aphid removal methods to prevent these sap-sucking insects from damaging your plants. Spot these bugs before they grow into a colony and cause great damage to your plants.